- The domain name itself is in MX: Eg the shared hosting server has a different SSL certificate.
E-mail processes ignore this problem;
- Even if a mail service is set up for the server, SPF may also authorize for mail from the server itself;
- For ‘www.’ MX can be set up like ‘0 .’. Otherwise, A/AAAA values are used.
See Proposed Standard ‘Null MX’ in RFC 7505.
Note on October 1, 2020:
Control panels DirectAdmin and CPanel refuse MX ‘0.’ setup. If ‘Null MX’ is used, it also blocks sending via SMTP.
MTA Exim responds correctly to ‘Null MX’ like this:
A message that you sent could not be delivered to one or more of its recipients.
This is a permanent error. The following address(es) failed:
firstname.lastname@example.org a MX or SRV record indicated no SMTP service.
MTA Postfix (probably this MTA) responds correctly to ‘Null MX’ like this:
email@example.com: Domain www.webhostingtech.nl does not accept mail (nullMX)